Africa has taken great strides in improving access to energy over the past decade where up to 44 percent of the population now has access to electricity, up from 39 percent in 2015. As the Africa Energy Indaba is held in Cape Town this week, we review which regions are likely to reach the 100 percent milestone by 2030 as per the UN Sustainable Development Goals and the challenges that remain.
EXX Africa assesses the outlook for six major African sovereigns at risk of debt distress, according to the IMF and ratings agency Moody’s. Our assessment is sometimes at odds with these institutions’ rankings, as some countries are making steady improvements in their debt position whereas others are facing critical debt servicing pressure.
In less than six months, Africa is scheduled to launch the world’s largest free trade area, bringing together an estimated 1.2 billion people from states with a combined GDP of around USD 3 trillion. EXX Africa examines the progress to date in reaching the agreement and the opportunities and challenges associated with launching this milestone.
Two large African economies are forecast to mark a significant improvement in their country risk ratings in 2020, while at least three West African markets will face a severe deterioration in their political risk indicators. EXX Africa identifies key risk trends for the year ahead and shares our selection of potential country risk winners and losers from around the continent for the year ahead.
Same-sex activity is outlawed in over 30 states in Africa with sentences ranging from minor fines, years’ imprisonment, and even death. EXX Africa assesses some of the highest risk locations across the continent for LGBQT+ communities, business travellers, and corporate expatriates.